Before we dive deep into the topic about full stack web development we would like to make you understand what is web development?
Web development is a process of hosting websites via internet or intranet which includes web design, client-side/server-side scripting etc. It can also be referred as website development where programmers do coding to make website function.
What is Full Stack Web Development
Full Stack Web Development is a term used to refer building all the three layers front end, middleware, and the backend technologies in website development. Before developing any website we should have the prototype mock screen which describes the technical implementation of the application flow control so that we can choose certain data structure, database models, choice of programming protocols and environmental properties based on requirements of the users.
Terminologies Used In Full Stack Web Development
For anyone to prepare himself, there are some mandatory stacks & terminologies which you need to be familiar with. Let’s discuss in detail one by one
Middleware – Node.js, ExpressJS
Back-end – MongoDB
What Are Front End Technologies
For building a web application you need to focus on user interface Generally, you have to write a code which will provide the look and feel of the application .It helps us to interact with the user and define the data in the proper way. Let’s discuss few of the basic front end technologies.
HTML : HTML (or HyperText Markup Language) is responsible for creating a markup of your website and letting the browser read it and display it correctly.HTML is not a programming language however it is treated as the markup based language which help us to prepare the website layouts.
CSS3: CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) is the place where we bring all the colors, backgrounds, font sizes etc. to beautify website.
SASS: SASS stands for the semantically awesome style sheet. It is known as the preprocessor of CSS. It will make the CSS code much neater and cleaner. It provides nested rules so that we can create variables declaration and extends the properties of CSS which can be reused again in the other property of the CSS.
Bootstrap: It is most popular HTML, CSS, JS framework for creating the mobile first application. It is open source and free to use. It makes the web page responsive and helps us to render the webpage on any devices.
What Are Middleware Technologies
Middleware act as a bridge between the front end and back end technologies. Middleware provides the service or you can say the business logic which is responsible for exchanging your data’s from the back end to front end.
What Are Backend Technologies
For every application, there is data storage section which is called as the backend part of a web application where a user will send a request to the server for storing and retrieving the data. The middleware will communicate with the data access technologies such as a database to store and retrieve the data and send the response back to the client side. Backend Technologies act as a controller which is an interconnection or a bridge between model and a view. Model is the business logic we write in middleware and view is the client which receives the response from the server.
MongoDB: It is document-oriented NoSQL database. It accepts JSON like document format for storing high volume data. It is secure and very faster than relational SQL databases. It is free and open source cross-platform database. All the modern applications require big data, fast features development, flexible deployment and the older database systems not enough competent, so the MongoDB was obviously needed.
To become a Full Stack developer clearly, it takes years of work experience in different languages, roles, and industries to reach this level of qualification. Because of this, full stack developers are few and far between, making those who exist very employable and in-demand.The Full Stack developer jobs has become more necessary, enriching and fulfilling to this modern global economy. It wouldn’t be wrong if you think FullStack web development is one of the coolest jobs at the moment.