Full stack Web Development

Full Stack Web Development Technical Terminologies

Before we dive deep into the topic about full stack web development we would like to make you understand what is web development?
Web development is a process of hosting websites via internet or intranet which includes web design, client-side/server-side scripting etc. It can also be referred as website development where programmers do coding to make website function.

What is Full Stack Web Development

Full Stack Web Development is a term used to refer building all the three layers front end, middleware, and the backend technologies in website development. Before developing any website we should have the prototype mock screen which describes the technical implementation of the application flow control so that we can choose certain data structure, database models, choice of programming protocols and environmental properties based on requirements of the users.

Terminologies Used In Full Stack Web Development

For anyone to prepare himself, there are some mandatory stacks & terminologies which you need to be familiar with. Let’s discuss in detail one by one
Front-end –  HTML5, CSS3, SASS, Javascript, JQuery, Bootstrap, ReactJS
Middleware –  Node.js, ExpressJS
Back-end –  MongoDB

What Are Front End Technologies

For building a web application you need to focus on user interface  Generally, you have to write a code which will provide the look and feel of the application .It helps us to interact with the user and define the data in the proper way. Let’s discuss few of the basic front end technologies.
HTML : HTML (or HyperText Markup Language) is responsible for creating a markup of your website and letting the browser read it and display it correctly.HTML is not a programming language however it is treated as the markup based language which help us to prepare the website layouts.
CSS3: CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) is the place where we bring all the colors, backgrounds, font sizes etc. to beautify website.
SASS: SASS  stands for the semantically awesome style sheet. It is known as the preprocessor of CSS. It will make the CSS code much neater and cleaner. It provides nested rules so that we can create variables declaration and extends the properties of CSS which can be reused again in the other property of the CSS.
JavaScript: JavaScript is a  scripting language which enables us to interact with the user in form of sliders, drop-down menus, quizzes, and many more interactive elements where the sky is the limit. For example, when a user clicks on any button then the button should fire to provide the necessary action for which the user should interact.
AJAX(Asynchronous JavaScript And XML) which will help to create an asynchronous web application without reloading the page and send the request to the server asynchronously. Therefore, Javascript is the backbone of the front end technologies.
Jquery: It is a front-end javascript library which has its own built-in methods. It tells us to write less code and do more work. Jquery is an enhanced version for javascript scripting language. By learning jquery we can able to do event handling and can easily navigate to any HTML elements. It helps us to improve the performance of the application and to develop most browser compatible web pages.
Bootstrap: It is most popular HTML, CSS, JS framework for creating the mobile first application. It is open source and free to use. It makes the web page responsive and helps us to render the webpage on any devices.
REACT: React is a javascript library which helps us to prepare great User Interface.It is maintained by Facebook, Instagram and a community of individual developers and corporations.The main motto of Reactjs is rendering performance of the web page. React lets you understand how your app should look at any given point, and can automatically manage all UI updates when your data changes on your web page.

What Are Middleware Technologies

Middleware act as a bridge between the front end and back end technologies. Middleware provides the service or you can say the business logic which is responsible for exchanging your data’s from the back end to front end.
NodeJs: It is open-source, cross-platform designed to build all kinds of tools and application using javascript syntax. Node JS help us to create a web service and communicate with the database and then provide the response to the client side. NodeJs is a popular server-side programming language as compared to other server-side programming languages.
ExpressJs: It is Server Side Javascript framework for node js programming language that constructs the back-end structure of the application. It provides various features that make web application development fast and easy otherwise it would take more time using only Node.js. It is an open source framework maintained by Node js foundation.

What Are Backend Technologies

For every application, there is data storage section which is called as the backend part of a web application where a user will send a request to the server for storing and retrieving the data. The middleware will communicate with the data access technologies such as a database to store and retrieve the data and send the response back to the client side. Backend Technologies act as a controller which is an interconnection or a bridge between model and a view. Model is the business logic we write in middleware and view is the client which receives the response from the server.
MongoDB: It is document-oriented NoSQL database. It accepts JSON like document format for storing high volume data. It is secure and very faster than relational SQL databases. It is free and open source cross-platform database. All the modern applications require big data, fast features development, flexible deployment and the older database systems not enough competent, so the MongoDB was obviously needed.

Conclusion

To become a Full Stack developer clearly, it takes years of work experience in different languages, roles, and industries to reach this level of qualification. Because of this, full stack developers are few and far between, making those who exist very employable and in-demand.The Full Stack developer jobs has become more necessary, enriching and fulfilling to this modern global economy. It wouldn’t be wrong if you think FullStack web development is one of the coolest jobs at the moment.

Som

is a full-stack web developer, designer, and educator who has been building user interfaces for over a decade. He’s done work for Fortune 4 companies, national political campaigns, and international technology leaders. His proudest achievement is helping people learn full-Stack web development.

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