There is a huge misconception among people about blockchain technology and distributed ledger technology. These terms are often used wrongly due to the fading differences between the two. However, the two technologies are not the same. Thus, it is important to understand both the technologies their relation. Is Blockchain an application of Distributed Ledger? Or are Distributed Ledger and Blockchain are two separate technologies? Let’s find out.
What is Distributed Ledger Technology?
Distributed Ledger Technology (DLT) is a digital system for tracking and the registering deal of assets. The details about the deal will be recorded in multiple places at the same time. With time distributed ledgers have come forward. The current DLTs like Bitcoin and Ethereum are built to function without a trusted authority. Bitcoin maintains a distributed database in a decentralized manner by using a consensus-based validation procedure and cryptographic signatures. The blockchain is probably the best-known type of distributed ledger technology.
There have been several innovations over the past few years in the realm of DLT. Without these innovations, DLT wouldn’t be as beneficial as it is today. Some of the innovations include the following: Bitcoin, Blockchain, Ethereum and Smart Contracts.
What is Blockchain Technology?
The blockchain is a type of distributed ledger, that is tamper-evident, collective digital ledger recording transactions over public or private peer-to-peer network. All long-standing and validated transaction blocks will be chained from the commencement of the chain to the most recent block. Beneath the Bitcoin protocol, each transaction is being given a unique cryptographic number and are included with others in a “block” of similar transactions. Every block in the network is chained’ to the adjacent block by the cryptographic signature that’s usually a “hash”. This allows Blockchain to function a publicly shared and validated ledger, depending upon suitable permissions.
Importance of Distributed Ledger Technology
Distributed Ledger Technologies can enhance the pace of business transactions. The reason being the very cause for the invention of Distributed Ledger and blockchain, to eliminate the need for a central authority or middleman. Thus, Distributed Ledgers contribute to lower transaction costs.
The Indelible mechanism of distributed ledger technology reduces the expenses over audit and regulatory compliance. The business deals in recent times are smart and robotic as its done with the help of blockchain technologies. It improves the speed of the financial transactions at a lesser expense and fewer risks. It ’s also said that Distributed Ledger follows transparent ways to handle transactional records, as the information is public across networks.
Advantages of Distributed Ledger and Blockchain Technology
Encoded, distributed digital ledgers don’t permit alterations to the data (ledger). Once the contract/agreement is written, no changes are permitted unless a consensus is made in counter to it. Let’s us study some of the vital advantages of distributed ledger technology:
The absence of a central authority, in theory, makes blockchain faster. If you’re relying on a central certifier, you depend on finite resources. Distributed Ledgers will minimize the transaction and processing time and expenses. This lets swift completion and easy accessibility of financial transactions.
The blockchain is also more economical. All the computers holding the blockchain are paid for, by the participants in the hope that they will earn the incentive for being the first to validate the transaction.
Distributed Ledgers offer governance of all its data and transactions to the users, thus making the entire ledger systems transparent. Also, use of a solitary public ledger to record transactions helps in reducing the chaos and complications of multiple record keeping.
Distributed Ledgers permit the transference of value between parties without any verification and facilitation by the central authority. Possibly, this will enhance integrity since, they are unlike traditionally centralized records — which can be remade in agreement with the central party.
Applications of Distributed Ledger Technology
Distributed Ledger Technology (DLT) is amongst the densely practiced and/or tested technologies in numerous fields due to some of its features such as transparency, swiftness, economy, and others.
- In finance and insurance distributed ledger finds itself in segments like claims and management.
- Banking sector employs distributed ledger for digital identity and smart contracts. These are among the few of the innumerable financial operations.
- As per the online portal dribble, 30% of known DLT applications are in banking and financial services. The path goes on with the second being the government (13%), then insurance (12%) and healthcare (8%).
- Consideration towards non-monetary uses (identity, supply chain, intellectual property, etc.) is increasing.
- The existing DLT landscape is extremely uneven, with lots of contending protocol frameworks, small-scale networks mostly built for testing purposes.
- The number of enterprise DLT start-ups has knowingly become bigger since 2014. It is from approximately 37 companies to over 115 in 2017.
Future of Distributed Ledger Technology
Distributed Ledger Technology has enormous potential for the future. Most Distributed Ledger Technology is purposive to operate autonomously. This is known as a decentralized autonomous organization or “DAO.” The future for finance will positively be laid by blockchain technologies. DLT being a traceable efficient infrastructure for the global currency, following a massive cost reduction, resulting in the transformation of global banking. The full potential of distributed infrastructure is mostly in fields like the Internet of Things, decentralized marketplaces and other businesses that require progressive autonomy, transparency, and security.